Periodontal Disease Treatments
The gums play an essential role in oral health and overall health. They, along with the surrounding tissue, ligaments and bone, hold the teeth in place so you can eat and chew with ease. When the gums and surrounding structures become infected or diseased, the teeth might loosen and eventually fall out. In addition, research shows that gum disease is linked to several serious health conditions, including heart disease and diabetes. Periodontics, also known as gum therapy, involves the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of any disease in the gums and tissue surrounding and supporting the teeth. Cobblestone Park Family Dental focuses on helping patients prevent and treat a range of periodontal issues, from mild to severe. Using the latest dental technology and a personalized approach, we ensure each patient gets the treatment they need.
About Periodontal DiseasePeriodontal disease is caused by bacteria found in plaque, which is a sticky and colorless coating that forms on the teeth. If left untreated, the bacterial plaque infects the gums, causing them to become red and inflamed. In advanced stages of periodontal disease, the bacteria can destroy the tissues surrounding the teeth and underlying bone. This causes the gums to separate, creating plaque-infested pockets and more infection. In severe cases, the gums and tissue become so affected that they can no longer properly support the teeth, causing the teeth to loosen and fall out. Periodontal disease is often a result of poor oral hygiene and lack of professional dental cleanings. This can include failing to brush and floss regularly, or poor diet. Other risk factors include genetics, smoking and certain health conditions such as kidney disease and diabetes.
Periodontal Disease Symptoms
- Red, swollen or tender gums
- Bleeding gums (especially when brushing or flossing)
- Gums that pull away from teeth
- Loose or separating teeth
- Pus between gums and teeth
- Persistent bad breath
- Change in your bite (occlusion) and/or fit of removable dentures
Treatment Options for Gum DiseaseThe first step in periodontal care is an in-office evaluation with one of our dentists, which will include an examination of your teeth, gums, bite, bone structure, and risk factors, as well as any plaque present. Using this information, we will develop a personal treatment plan for you. Depending on the specific dental issue and severity, your treatment could include a range of non-surgical treatments or surgical procedures. Treatment options for periodontal diseases we offer include:
- Scaling and root planing (with or without flap surgery)
- Comprehensive pocket charting
- Arrestin localized antibiotic treatments
- Laser bacterial decontamination